To enjoy human rights, one also has the duty to respect the human rights of others.
When two human rights contradict each other, a human rights dilemma arises. Human rights dilemmas and their resolution are part of the work of human rights courts.
Even though freedom of speech is the backbone of a democratic society, it can be restricted for certain, weighty reasons. The most common reasons that make governments restrict freedom of speech concern defamation, obscenity, pornography, inciting hatred, copyright violation, protection of privacy and maintaining general security and public order.
Examples of basic and human rights that can conflict and cause dilemmas:
- Freedom of speech versus the protection of privacy and family life, and protection against defamation;
- Freedom of speech versus hate speech;
- The right to private property versus the right to a clean environment;
- The right to private property versus the right to an adequate standard of living;
- The right to freedom of movement and the right to enjoy asylum versus the sovereignty of nations;
- The right to life versus the death sentence (permitted, but regulated).