The journalist’s occupation is a societal occupation: it is a part of the construction of society.
A journalist works with and within power relations that are a part of all societies.
The work involves the use of many kinds of societal power, some of which may be difficult to perceive.
It is easy to notice that an incisively aggravating columnist aims to convince the audience of their cause. Even though a column is an example of a journalistic piece of work in which opinions are welcome and easy to spot, all forms of journalism are susceptible to bias.
Neither news articles nor statistical information whose form seems at first neutral and independent are free from opinions.
All forms of journalism are susceptible to bias.
As journalism involves use of power, journalism also involves responsibilities. It is very important for both the audience and journalists themselves to keep in mind that no article or news piece is produced in a vacuum.
News production is not intention and bias free. A person, or an editorial office consisting of people, has made choices. Should the editorial office be honest and adhere to the ethical code of the profession, the article can be good and impartial.
However, not even good intentions guarantee an end result free of unintentional mistakes.
The first step to critical reading of journalism is to understand that if an article has been published, it does not make it true.